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Z’s Mohandas Gandhi

Date and place of birth
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar India

Gandhi
Gandhi was an Indian nationalist and spiritual leader who developed the practice of nonviolent disobedience that forced Great Britain to grant independence to India (1947). He was assessinated by a Hindu fanatic.

Occupation
Lawyer (He studied in England)

Event that motivated Gandhi to end British discrimination
Since Gandhi was a dark-skinned Indian, he was told to move to a third-class seat on a train even though he held a first-class ticket. He refused. The police forced Gandhi from the train. He saw the injustices suffered by Indians.

Satyagraha
The name that Gandhi gave to the”nonviolent resistance” method that he developed in 1914 to end injustice. Satyagraha means “truth force”

Goal of Satyagraha
the goal was to “convert the wrongdoer” Gandhi hoped to make the world aware of British injustice by accepting punishment without striking back He also hoped to make the British aware of their own wrongdoing.

Name Gandhi was called
Gandhi’s followers called him Mahatma, or “Great soul”

Gandhi’s main ideas
He gave up western ways and encouraged traditional Indian ways of Indian life. He emphasized Hindu beliefs such as duty, kindness, and self discipline. His ideas appealed Hindus of all classes.

Civil disobidience
refusal to obey unjust laws.

Civic improvement
creating positive changes for citizens.

Ways to use non-violent civil disobedience to create civic improvement
Peaceful protest, march, strike, petition, boycot, nonviolent sit-in

Sit-in or sit-down
is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.

Gandhi goals
End British discrimination
Make the British aware of wrongdoing.

How Gandhi’s practice of civil disobedience change IndiaB
The British wanted to increase the production of goods, so they decided to pass a law requiring Indians to only buy British imports. This shut down many Indian industries, and the Indians had to buy expensive British-made products. Gandhi responded to this unjust law b supporting strikes and protests. He also called on Indians to boycott, or stop buying, British made-goods. The degree of disorder resulting from the movement was unparalleled and presented anew challenge to the foreign rule of the British. These movements caused widespread support among Indians awakening to a new sense of nationalism, or the desire for Independence of a country.

Consequence of supported strikes and boycotts
New sense of nationalism

British unjust laws and actions (cause)
-British declare Indian soldiers would be in war.
-Couldn’t agree how new government/leader would be run
-Widespread rioting between religions.
-Laws didn’t let Indians make their own salt.

Gandhi’s reaction to the unjust laws( how he used non-violent civil disobedience
-He organized a protest called Quit-India. British responded by arresting 20,0. a00 of congress members from India.
-He held meeting between Hindus and Muslims. and gave speeches about working together.
-He refused to celebrate Independence.
-Used Satyagra to protest the Salt tax.

Civic Impact (how did Gandhi’s action have an impact)
British gave up on India and gave them their independence.
Peace agreement.
Leaders of religions agreed to peace.
Extremist killed Gandhi.
60,000 were arrested with Gandhi
Kept salt tax.

Date of Gandhi’s death
Gandhi died on January 30, 1948. A Hindu extremist shot and killed Gandhi.

Extremist
a person who goes beyond what people normally do, especially in politics

Gandhi was considered by many people as
father of his country

Gandhi is remembered for
using nonviolent protest to achieve justice

place Gandhi worked as a lawyer after graduating in London.
South Africa (he was unable to find work in India)

What Gandhi considered his moment of truth
When while on a train in South Africa, he was told to get off to make room for a European. He refused and was beaten. He decided he wold not accept injustice. He would defend his dignity as a n Indian and as a man.

Once he returned to India he took the sides of
Untouchables.

How Gandhi called the Untouchables
harijans

Harijans
means “children of god” way that Gandhi called the untouchables. He said that the harijans had been blessed by their suffering.

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